Mentoring as a pedagogical phenomenon: history and modernity

Volume 6, Number 2, 2021, P. 201–207

[ PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCES ]

Article (file: pdf, size: 534 KB, downloads: 381)

Abstract:

The article is devoted to the study of the problem of mentoring at different stages of the development of pedagogical science and education. The main periods of consideration of the issue are highlighted: prerevolutionary (XVIII – XIX centuries), the beginning of the XX century, 70–80s of the XX century. In the course of a retrospective analysis of the historical and pedagogical literature, the directions of the formation of mentoring are indicated: in the mainstream of Orthodox culture, in the system of general, vocational education and production. The basis of communication between the mentor and the instructed in Orthodoxy is the spiritual component. In education, mentoring is studied from the perspective of the formation of a system of classroom mentoring, as well as its various forms: «teacher– young– teacher», «teacher – student», «school principal – teacher», «student –student». For this purpose, the regulatory documents of the Ministry of Public Education, the works of N.I. Pirogov, K. D. Ushinsky, V.S. Sukhomlinsky, A.S. Makarenko, S.G. Vershlovsky. Mentoring in the development of the profession ranges from handicrafts to vocational education and training in the workplace. It was revealed that the scientific foundation was laid in the 70-80s. last century. A systematic view is contained in the works of S.Ya. Batyshev. At present, the institute of mentoring in Russia is being revived: documents are accepted at the state level, the methodology of students in schools, the system of secondary vocational and additional education has been developed and implemented.

Keywords:

mentoring, mentor, form of mentoring, master, teacher

Author:

Irina S. Gomboyeva, Cand. Sci. (Pedagogy), Educator of Priargunsk State College, Priargunsk, Russia

For citation:

Gomboyeva I.S. (2021) Mentoring as a pedagogical phenomenon: history and modernity. Sotsial’naya kompetentnost’ = Social Competence. Vol. 6. No. 2. P. 201–207. (In Russ.)

References:

  1. Batyshev S.Ya. (1984) Proizvodstvennaya pedagogika. Moscow: Mashinostroenie. 672 p.
  2. Blokhina I.R. (2018) The philosopher and his students (on the role of Aristotle’s mentoring in the Hellenic world). Evropeiskie traditsii v istorii vysshei shkoly v Rossii: ot douniversitetskoi modeli k universitetam: sbornik statei = European traditions in the history of higher education in Russia: from the preuniversity model to universities: A Collection of articles. Velikii Novgorod: Novgorodskii gosudarstvennyi universitet im. Yaroslava Mudrogo. P. 167–172. (In Russ.)
  3. Bystrova N.V, Tsyplakova S.A., Presnova A.K., Pasechnik A.S. (2019) Tutorship as a Pedagogical Phenomenon: Past and Present. Innovatsionnaya ekonomika: perspektivy razvitiya i sovershenstvovaniya = Innovative economy: prospects for development and improvement. No. 3 (37). P. 18–24. (In Russ.)
  4. Vershlovskii S.G. (1988) Methodist Teacher – Trainee Mentor: Teacher’s Book. Moscow: Prosveshchenie. 141 p. (In Russ.)
  5. Gomer (2009) Odyssey. Moscow: Eksmo. 563 p. (In Russ.)
  6. Dzigovskaya L.N. (2014) Mentoring and education at the Tula arms factory in the 18th – first half of the 19th centuries. Tul’skii kraevedcheskii al’manakh = Tula Local Lore Almanac. No.11. P. 24–29. (In Russ.)
  7. Ichetovkina N.M. (2015) K.D.’s ideas Ushinsky in the study of the phenomenon of classroom mentoring in the Russian pre-revolutionary gymnasium. Obrazovanie i vospitanie = Education and upbringing. No. 5 (05). P. 12–14. (In Russ.)
  8. Kuz’michev A.D. (2015) Eidos techno: on the creation of a Russian system of teaching crafts. Russkaya sistema obucheniya remeslam = Russian system of teaching crafts. Moscow: NOTs Kontrolling i upravlencheskie innovatsii; OOO Vysshaya shkola Inzhenernogo Biznesa. P. 83–102. (In Russ.)
  9. Makarenko A.S. (1984) Pedagogicheskie sochineniya. Moscow: Pedagogika. 398 p. (In Russ.)
  10. Osipov P.N., Irismetova I.I. (2020) Mentoring as an object of scientific research. Professional’noe obrazovanie i rynok truda = Vocational education and the labor market. No. 2. P. 109–115. (In Russ)
  11. Pirogov N.I. (2008) Life questions. Ivanovo. 427 p. (In Russ.)
  12. Red’kina L.I. (2015) Formation of the Institute of Classroom Tutoring (1804–1870). Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya: sbornik statei = Problems of modern pedagogical education: A Collection of articles. Yalta: RIO GPA. Issue 47. Part 1. P. 217–225. (In Russ.)
  13. Rogova A.V. (2019) «Life-oriented» pedagogy of A.S. Makarenko. Sotsial’no-pedagogicheskii podkhod v obrazovanii: voploshchenie naslediya A.S. Makarenko v sovremennykh sotsial’nykh proektakh: sbornik nauchnykh trudov Vserossiiskoi s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem konferentsii = Socio-pedagogical approach to education: the embodiment of A.S. Makarenko in modern social projects: collection of scientific papers of the All-Russian conference with international participation. Ekaterinburg. P. 115–121. (In Russ.)
  14. Rudenskaya T.V. (2011) Russian eldership as a spiritual phenomenon of Orthodoxy. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Vestnik of Orenburg State University. No. 1 (120). P. 15–20. (In Russ.)
  15. Sukhomlinskii V.A. (1980) Pavlysh secondary school. Conversation with the young headmaster. Izbrannye proizvedeniya v pyati tomakh = Selected works in five volumes. Kiev: Radyans’ka shkola. 670 p. (In Russ.)
  16. Ushinskii K.D. (1948) Pedagogical articles 1857–1861. Moscow: Akademii pedagogicheskikh nauk. 656 p. (In Russ.)