Evaluation of employment promotion for unemployed women in the current context (the case of Irkutsk)

Volume 4, Number 3, 2019, P. 279–285

[ SOCIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ]

Article (file: pdf, size: 455 KB, downloads: 455)

Abstract:

The article analyzes the problem of promoting the employment of unemployed women in the city of Irkutsk in the context of an increase of precarious work of the able-bodied population. It emphasizes that the state employment policy in our country lacks an individual and differentiated approach taking into account the various categories of unemployed women. The author specifies the most promising job placements for women in modern conditions. Based on public statistics of the territorial body of the Federal Service of State Statistics in Irkutsk region and OGKU «Employment Center of the city of Irkutsk», the dynamics of the number of women of working age from 2015 to 2019, the level of registered female unemployment, as well as the level of employment among women from 2016 to 2018 years in the city of Irkutsk are shown. Moreover, the effectiveness of vocational training and further vocational education during the period of parental leave until the child attains the age of three is revealed as an additional measure of social support for unemployed women. An analysis of various sociological and psychological studies has shown that the effectiveness of women’s employment depends primarily on their socio-demographic and personal-biographical indicators, individual psychological characteristics, labor motivation, the level of socio-psychological adaptation, the structure and content of the value-semantic sphere, social well-being, their level of awareness of the real state of the national and local labor market. It is emphasized that the profiling used in the activities of the OGKU «Employment Center of the city of Irkutsk» creates more specific view of them and makes activities more differentiated when working with unemployed women. It also reduces the level and duration of their unemployment, and causes budget savings. It was concluded that the extensive practice of applying profiling, individual support, taking into account the family circumstances of women, the implementation of special programs for them meeting current trends and the real needs of the labor market in the post-industrial era will overcome the formal nature and approach to unemployed women as a faceless unit in service documents.

Keywords:

unemployed women, Irkutsk, labor market, employment, social support, employment center

Author:

Evgenia G. Kopalkina, Cand. Sci. (Philosophy), Associate Professor of Sociology and Psychology Department, Irkutsk National Research Technical University, Irkutsk, Russia

For citation:

Kopalkina E.G. (2019) Evaluation of employment promotion for unemployed women in the current context (the case of Irkutsk). Social Competence. Vol. 4. No. 3. P. 279–285. (In Russ.)

References:

  1. Vagner A.N. (2014) Precarization and atypical employment of women and men in Germany and Europe. Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. 25 p. (In Russ.)
  2. Vladimirova K.O. (2010) Features of unemployed women’s psychological protection during the economic crisis]. Applied Legal Psychology. No. 4. P. 129–133. (In Russ.)
  3. Gorshkova O.N. (2015) The study of factors of labor motivation of unemployed women. Proceedings of the XVII international scientific-practical conference «Modern psychology: theory and practice». Scientific and Informational Publishing Center “Institute for Strategic Studies”. P. 28–32. (In Russ.)
  4. Evdokimova S.Sh., Krasnikovskii V.Ya. (2011) Individualtypological features of unemployed women. Economics and society: modern development models. No. 1. P. 21–33. (In Russ.)
  5. Ermilova A.V., Pokusaeva E.S., Glushkova E.V. (2018) Evaluation of the activity of employment centers of the cities of Nizhny Novgorod and Ivanov: the perception of dysfunctional elements by unemployed women. Bulletin of Ivanovo State University. Series: Natural, social sciences. No. 1. P. 37–45. (In Russ.)
  6. Zavalishina O.B. (2007) Psychological features of professional self-determination of unemployed women. Bulletin of the Tambov University. Series: Humanities. No. 1 (45). P. 283–287. (In Russ.)
  7. Kotomanova O.V. (2017) The social well-being of women in modern society (based on research). Proceedings of the international scientific and practical conference «Social well-being of the population in the socio-cultural space”. P. 75–78. (In Russ.)
  8. Loginova L.V. (2016) Precarization in the system of social and labor relations: problems and prospects of institutionalization. Bulletin of St. Petersburg State University. Series 12. Sociology. No. 3. (In Russ.)
  9. Mironova T.L., Sanzhizhapova N.D. (2011) Sociopsychological characteristics of the adaptation of unemployed women. Psychology in Economics and Management. No. 1. P. 36–41. (In Russ.)
  10. Sizova I.L. (2013) Women seeking job in the Russian labor market. Woman in Russian Society. No. 2 (67). P. 41–48. (In Russ.)
  11. Tarkhanova E.S. Formy i metody sotsial’noi podderzhki bezrabotnykh zhenshchin na regional’nom rynke truda. Forms and methods of social support for unemployed women in the regional labor market. Proceedings of the scientific and practical conference “Dylnov Readings. Sociological diagnosis of modern society. «. 2016. P. 443–448. (In Russ.)
  12. Tereshchenko T.A., Spasskii E.N. (2014)) Profiling as the basis of social work with unemployed women (from the experience of the Khabarovsk Territory). Scientific, Technical and Economic Cooperation of the Asia-Pacific Countries in the 21st Century. Vol. 2. P. 183–186. (In Russ.)
  13. Kharlamova T.M. (2011) The specifics of motivation to work of unemployed women (results of the students’ T-test). International Journal of Experimental Education. No. 4. P. 54–55. (In Russ.)
  14. Chukreev P.A. (2014) Unemployed women as the most vulnerable marginalized population: status and measures of social support. Bulletin of the Buryat State University. No. 14–1. P. 45–50. (In Russ.)