Aggressiveness and socio-psychological adaptation of military servicemen

Volume 8 (2023), № 2, P. 47–54


Article (file: pdf, size: 530 KB, downloads: 53)


The relevance of research into personal factors of socio-psychological adaptation of military personnel is due to increased requirements for ensuring the defense capability and security of the country. The purpose of this study was to empirically substantiate the relationship between aggressiveness as a personal characteristic of military personnel undergoing military service and their socio-psychological adaptation. In a study using Diamond-Rogers socio-psychological adaptation questionnaires adapted by A.K. Osnitsky and the personal aggressiveness of Bass-Darka in the adaptation of S.N. Enikolopov and N.P. Tsibulsky interviewed 50 conscripts aged 18 to 24 years. The results of the correlation analysis showed that there is a connection between indicators of adaptation and aggressiveness as a personal characteristic among conscripts. At the same time, socio-psychological adaptation was most associated with indicators of physical and verbal aggressiveness. The indicator of maladaptation turned out to be consistently associated with the index of hostility, suspicion and guilt. The results obtained were interpreted in the context of data obtained by other researchers that aggressiveness in certain conditions performs a positive function and manifests itself in perseverance and fearlessness in the face of difficulties.


socio-psychological adaptation, personal aggressiveness, conflict, dominance, military psychology, professional selection


Oksana V. Markova, Far Eastern Federal University (Vladivostok, Russia)

Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of School of Arts and Humanities

For citation:

Markova O.V. (2023) Aggressiveness and socio-psychological adaptation of military personnel. Social Competence. Vol. 8. No. 2. P. 47–54. (In Russ.).


  1. Enikolopov S.N., Tsibulsky N.P. (2007) Psychometric analysis of the Russian version of the Aggression Diagnostic Questionnaire by A. Bass and M. Perry. Psychological Journal. Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 115–124. (In Russ.).
  2. Zubova L.V., Bendas, T.V., Shcherbinina, O.A. (2021) The role of aggression in the adaptability of military personnel in the first year of conscription. Bulletin of OSU. Vol. 232. No. 4. P. 110–115. (In Russ.).
  3. Lopukha A.D. (2002) Social and pedagogical conditions for the effectiveness of the system of instilling patriotism among officers in higher military educational institutions. Thesis of Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences. Novosibirsk, 362 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Mikhailova, O.B., Safi, S.M., Sheptura, A.V. (2017) Personality aggressiveness: main approaches and prospects in the study. World of Science. No. 5(6). P. 1–7. (In Russ.).
  5. Mozhginsky Yu. B. (1999) Aggression of adolescents: emotional and crisis mechanism. St. Petersburg, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, 456 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Nalchadzhyan A.A. (2007) Human aggressiveness. St. Petersburg, Peter, 736 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Nalchadzhyan A.A. (1988) Socio-psychological adaptation of personality (forms, mechanisms and strategies). Yerevan, Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the ArmSSR, 262 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Neronova O.E. (2014) Specifics of adaptation of military personnel to military service. Bulletin of the Voronezh State Technical University. No. 3(2). P. 58–59. (In Russ.).
  9. Osnitsky A.K. (2004) Determination of characteristics of social adaptation. Psychology and school. No. 1. P. 43–56. (In Russ.).
  10. Senokosov Zh.G. (2013) Socio-psychological adaptation of young soldiers to military service. Thseis of Candidate Psychological. Sciences. Moscow, VPA, 264 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Fil T.A., Chukhrova M.G., Chukhrov A.S., Khrimli K.S. (2020) Aggressiveness and adaptation to military activity. Materials of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference “Science and Society. No. 11. P. 171–176. (In Russ.).
  12. Shabanov L.V. (2018) The relationship between aggressiveness and socio-psychological adaptability in military personnel. Open innovation: collection of articles of the VII International Scientific and Practical Conference, Penza, November 17, 2018. Ex. ed. G.Yu. Gulyaev. Penza, ICNS «Science and Enlightenment». P. 148–150. (In Russ.).
  13. Shamieva V.A. (2009). The influence of aggressiveness on the adaptation of conscript military personnel. Bulletin of the Izhevsk State Technical University. No. 1(41). P. 161–163. (In Russ.).