Anthropological discourse of care for education in foreign pedagogy

Volume 6, Number 1, 2021, P. 34–46

[ PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCES ]

Article (file: pdf, size: 611 KB, downloads: 270)

Abstract:

The article reveals various forms of care for education during the pandemic. The novel coronavirus has gone all over the world. Pandemics are actually moving from one «domain» of the human world to another. Its impact is particularly important in the field of education. In the United States, almost all public and private schools are closed. Although the current closure of schools across the country is unprecedented, there is a history of closing local schools for months or even years. Massive resistance to desegregation closed public schools in 1958-59, for four years and deprived black children of the opportunity to attend school from 1959 to 1963. This happened in and in connection with natural disasters. The impact of school closures on children’s success is usually negative. At the same time, according to the 2017 US Census, about one in seven children does not have access to the home Internet, and this proportion was twice as high in families with low incomes and less educated parents. online learning of students does not cope with tasks, because most products for educational technologies were intended to supplement school classes, and not to completely replace them. To reduce school losses, programs were launched to unite college students with school students, tutoring programs were expanded, student knowledge testing was canceled. Racial riots under the slogan Black Lives Matter also played a negative role. Access to technology and support for innovative use of learning technologies also depends on inequalities between communities, schools, teachers and students. To some extent, the diversity of alternative learning methods solves these problems. Among them are models of mutual learning by student students and student mentors. A similar movement exists in YouTube on the popular channel «The man sitting next to me.» Meeting students’ socio-emotional and academic learning needs, in a mixed or online environment, is likely to require extensive training of teachers and educators themselves, which was not previously available.

Keywords:

care for education, pandemic, desegregation, online training, tutoring, alternative teaching methods

Author:

Anatoly S. Kolesnikov, Dr. Sci. (Philosophy), Professor of History of Philosophy Department, St. Petersburg State University, Institute of Philosophy, St. Petersburg, Russia

Acknowledgments:

The study has been implemented with the support of the fund RSF No17-18-01440–Anthropological dimension of the history of philosophy.

For citation:

Kolesnikov A.S. (2021) Anthropological discourse of care for education in foreign pedagogy. Sotsial’naya kompetentnost’ = Social Competence. Vol. 6. No. 1. P. 34–46. (In Russ.)

References:

  1. Anderson Carol (2016) White Rage: The Unspoken Truth about Our Racial Divide. London: Bloomsbury.
  2. Apata Gabriel O. (2020) Theory, Culture & Society special section on ‘Global Public Life’ (TCS 37(7–8).
  3. Arias M.B. (2020) Internet disparity challenges schooling for all. Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) Commentary. Available from: http://www.cal.org/news-and-events/in-thenews/internet-disparity-challenges (accessed: 20.02.2021).
  4. Butler Paul (2017) Chokehold: Policing Black Men. New York: The New Press.
  5. Garland P. (2014) What can the work of Habermas offer educational researcher development programmers? Studies in Higher Education. No. 39(1). P. 87–101.
  6. Fielding M (1999) Radical collegiality: Affirming teaching as an inclusive professional practice. The Australian Educational Researcher. No. 26(2). P. 1–34.
  7. Jayathilake Chitra and Huxham Mark (2021) Communities of practice or communicative rationality? A study of autonomous peer assisted learning. Active Learning in Higher Education. No.3. P. 1–12.
  8. Habermas J (1987) The Theory of Communicative Action, Vol 2: Lifeworld and System: A Critique of Functionalist Reason. Cambridge, UK: Polity.
  9. Kodabux A and Hoolash B.K.A. (2015) Peer learning strategies: Acknowledging lecturers’ concerns of the student learning assistant scheme on a new higher education campus. Journal of Peer Learning. No. 8. P 59–84.
  10. Mbembe, Achille (2019) Necropolitics, trans. Corcoran, Steven. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
  11. McLaughlin C.J. and Sillence E. (2018) Buffering against academic loneliness: The benefits of social media-based peer support during postgraduate study. Active Learning in Higher Education. Epub ahead of print 6 September 2018.
  12. Mercieca B. (2017) What Is a Community of Practice? In: McDonald J. and Cater-Steel A. (eds) Communities of Practice. Singapore: Springer Singapore. P. 3–25.
  13. Page S. (2020, May 26). Back to school? 1 in 5 teachers are unlikely to return to reopened classrooms this fall, poll says. USA Today. Available from: https://docs.google.com/document/d/10RBEPf8Swm43Jtl7uz3GN2w40czC_0J7LZCsFrINkMc/edit
  14. Patterson, Orlando (1982) Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  15. Richmond G., Bartell, T., Cho C., Gallagher, H. A., He, Y., Petchauer, E., Cardenas-Curiel, L. (2020, May 15). Home/School: Research imperatives, learning settings, and the COVID-19 pandemic. Ed Prep Matters. Available from: https://edprepmatters.net/2020/05/home-schoolresearch-imperatives-learning-settings-and-the-covid-19-pandemic/
  16. Terry P.R. (1997) Habermas and education: Knowledge, communication, discourse. Curriculum Studies. No.5(3). P. 269–279.
  17. United Nations. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on children [Policy brief]. Available from: https://unsdg.un.org/sites/default/files/2020-4/160420_Covid_Children_Policy_Brief.pdf
  18. Vygotsky L.S. (1978) Mind in Society. The Development of Higher Psychological Processes (Cole M, John-Steiner V, Scribner S, et al. eds). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
  19. Zapp Mike, Lerch Julia C. (2020) Imagining the World: Conceptions and Determinants of Internationalization in Higher Education Curricula Worldwide. Sociology of Education. P. 1–21. journals.sagepub.com/home/soe.