The use of polygraph in investigation of crimes

Volume 4, Number 2, 2019, P. 120–127

[ JURIDICAL SCIENCES ]

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Abstract:

The article examines the relationship between criminal investigations and polygraph tests. For law enforcement, in particular, the polygraph is a vital tool in investigations. Various lie detectors have been used by officers since the early twentieth century, and as the technology underlying the devices has evolved, so have various practical applications in law enforcement. This paper discusses in detail the methods of interrogation, the constitutional rights of suspects, as well as a polygraph application. The authors describe the general scientific findings of the polygraph assessment, and then discuss in detail the specific scientific findings and implications of the latest and propose changes in the Federal policy in the field of polygraph testing. Although modern polygraphs represent a significant technological improvement over earlier instruments, the physiological measures included in earlier instruments are largely the same as those used today. Modern polygraph is a diplomat of the size of the device that in most situations area, recording changes in electrodermal activity (GSR) using two electrodes attached to the fingertips. To record changes in relative blood pressure and heart rate, a standard cuff is used to measure blood pressure, which is partially inflated during testing.

Keywords:

the polygraph, the investigation of the crime, criminal penalties, investigations, lie detector

Authors:

Taalaibek T. Shamurzaev, Dr. Sci. (Juridical Sciences), Professor, Head of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics Department, Law Faculty of Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University named after B.N. Yeltsin, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Anastasia N. Arkhipova, Deputy Director for Academic Affairs at Economics, Management and Law Institute, Irkutsk National Research Technical University, Irkutsk, Russia

Valentina N. Turkova, Deputy Director for Research, at Economics, Management and Law Institute, Irkutsk National Research Technical University, Irkutsk, Russia

For citation:

Shamurzaev T.T., Arkhipova A.N., Turkova V.N. (2019) The use of polygraph in investigation of crimes. Sotsial’naya kompetentnost’ = Social Competence. Vol. 4. No. 2. Pp. 120–127. (In Russ.)

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