Cognitive approach in analysis of polysemantic verbs (through the example of the verb «exhibit»)

Volume 3, Number 2, 2018, P. 33–39

[ PHILOLOGICAL SCIENCES ]

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Abstract:

The article presents a cognitive analysis of the verb exhibit incorporating the component perception in its semantics. It analyzes different situations of perception which are described by some lexical-semantic variants of this verb. The author discusses the characteristics of the Observer participating in these situations who plays different roles, demonstrates complex cognitive levels of perception, and forms intellectual representations based on his observations. The study describes the peculiarities of the Observed that is a differentiating factor which helps to divide constructions with exhibit into different subgroups. The analysis shows that the analyzed verb can categorize not only perceptually oriented actions but also perceptual events. The author comes to the conclusion that the verb exhibit can categorize perceptually oriented actions of exhibiting different original objects in especially designed places for the Observers. The analyzed verb can also organize statements describing perceptually oriented actions with help of which the Agent tries to convince the Observer that he is right. In addition, the author proves that some situations in which the Observer perceives, interprets and evaluates the various demonstrations of feelings, emotions or character traits can be described with the help of the verb exhibit. The conclusion claims that it is necessary to take into account the interaction of the Observer and the Observed while carrying on a cognitive analysis.

Keywords:

showing, action, event, perception, Observer, Observed, agent, interpretation, lexicalsemantic variant

Author:

Ekaterina Yu. Kholdeyeva, Senior Lecturer of Foreign Languages Department No 1 for Engineering Fields of Study, Irkutsk National Research Technical University, Irkutsk, Russia

For citation:

Kholdeyeva E.Yu. Cognitive approach in analysis of polysemantic verbs (through the example of the verb «exhibit»). Social Competence, 2018, vol. 3, no 2, pp. 33–39. (In Russian).

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