Migrants in Buryatia: the host community assessments

Volume 4, Number 3, 2019, P. 292–298

[ SOCIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ]

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Abstract:

Migration movements in the modern world cause increasing ethnic diversity of host societies that often results in an increase of interethnic tension. In Russia, migration issues are a significant direction of state and national policy and the subject of focus in the Russian discourse of recent decades. The article analyzes the results of a sociological study conducted in 2018 to identify the degree of readiness of the Republic of Buryatia population for the influx of migrants from other regions of the Russian Federation and foreign countries. The main tasks were to assess the migration situation in the republic, identifying the social distance between the local population and migrants, and the effects of the presence of migrants in the republic.

The internal rural-urban migration prevails in the republic; it is the most massive one, less widespread migration is interregional that is characterized by out migration to other Russian regions, and the smallest in number is international migration. The latter follows the features common on a nationwide scale. Even in the region with peaceful interethnic relations that traditionally characterizes Buryatia positive attitude towards visitors is not always possible. In public opinion, there is a cautious attitude to migrants. In conclusion, it is stated that it is necessary to make efforts to adapt and incorporate migrants and to promote their positive image among the local population.

Keywords:

migration processes, migrants, host community, social distance, Republic of Buryatia

Authors:

Elena V. Petrova, doctor of sociological Sciences, associate Professor, leading researcher, Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude, Russia

Valentina G. Zhalsanova, candidate of sociological Sciences, associate Professor, senior researcher, Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude, Russia

Ayuna V. Biltrikova, candidate of sociological Sciences, researcher, Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude, Russia

For citation:

Petrova E.V., Zhalsanova V.G., Biltrikova A.V. (2019) Migrants in Buryatia: the host community assessments. Social competency. Vol. 4. No. 3. Р. 292–298. (In Russ.)

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