Volume 7 (2022), № 4, P. 261-270
[ JURIDICAL SCIENCES ]
Article (file: pdf, size: 332 KB, downloads: 42)
The article is devoted to the problem of a broad interpretation of the concept of “legal responsibility”. Based on the pluralism of approaches to legal understanding existing in the theory of law, as well as the homonymy of the word “law” in general, it is proposed to distinguish between the concepts and phenomena of “legal responsibility” and “legal responsibility”. The first refers to the responsibility provided for by the norms of positive law, that is, established or sanctioned by the State. The second, along with the responsibility provided for by positive law, covers the responsibility provided for by the norms of customary law, corporate law and religious (canonical, Muslim, Jewish, Hindu) law. The author substantiates the position according to which the types of liability provided for by these regulators have common features with the legal liability provided for by positive law, which allows them to be combined under the generic concept of “legal liability”, and to distinguish them by virtue of their specificity, within the framework of types of social responsibility into a special group. In particular, such general features include formal certainty, written character, thoughtfulness and regularity of the imposition procedure, the presence of persons or governing bodies specially authorized to apply responsibility by relevant organizations or communities. In addition to pluralism in the definition of the concept of law, the author also proceeds from the non-universality of positive law as a leading social regulator.
responsibility, positive law, customary law, corporate law, canon law, Muslim law
Egor A. Kulikov
Altai State University, Barnaul, Russian Federation
Kulikov E. A. (2022) On the correlation of legal responsibility and legal responsibility: sociolegal
aspect. Sotsial’naya kompetentnost’ = Social Competence. Vol. 7. No. 4. Р. 261-270. (In Russ.).
- Van den Berg L.V.S. (2006) Basic principles of Islamic law according to the teachings of Abu Hanifa and Shafi . Moscow: Natalis: Ripol Klassik, 237 p. (In Russ.).
- Vitruk N. V. (2009) General theory of legal liability. Moscow: Norma. 431 p. (In Russ.).
- Lazarev V. V. (2006) History of state-legal doctrines. Moscow: Spark, 670 p. (In Russ.).
- Canons, or the Book of Rules, of the Holy Apostles, Holy Councils, Ecumenical and Local, and Holy Fathers (2000). St. Petersburg: “Society of St. Basil the Great”. 431 p. (In Russ.).
- Kovler A. I. (2002) Anthropology of law. Moscow: Norma. 467 p. (In Russ.).
- Kondrashov V. A. (2008) The latest philosophical dictionary. Rostov n/D.: Feniks. 668 p. (In Russ.).
- (2011) Sayings. Book of songs and hymns. Moscow: AST: Astrel’. 399 p. (In Russ.).
- Krasheninnikova N. A. (2013) Legal Culture of Modern India: Innovative and Traditional Features. Moscow: Norma: Infra-M. 303 p. (In Russ.).
- Matuzov N. I. (2003) Actual problems of the theory of law. Saratov: SGAP. 510 p. (In Russ.).
- Mal’ko A. V. (2014) Punishment and responsibility in Russian law: actual problems: monograph. Moscow: Yurlitinform. 271 p. (In Russ.).
- Nikitina L. M. (2015) Corporate social responsibility. Rostov n/D: Feniks. 445 p. (In Russ.).
- Stepin V. S. (2010) New Philosophical Encyclopedia. Moscow: Mysl’. 692 p. (In Russ.).
- Pantykina M. I. (2017) Theoretical and methodological foundations of the philosophical study of legal responsibility. Yuridicheskaya otvetstvennost’: filosofskii, sotsiologicheskii, psikhologicheskii i mezhotraslevoi aspekty: monografi = Legal responsibility: philosophical, sociological, psychological and cross-industry aspects: monograph. Moscow: Yurlitinform. 595 p. (In Russ.).
- Rodionova E. V. (2011) Legal responsibility as a kind of social responsibility: modern problems. Moscow: Yurlitinform. 146 p. (In Russ.).
- Sinyukov V. N. (2010) Russian legal system. Introduction to General Theory. Moscow: Norma. 672 p. (In Russ.).
- Sinkha S. P. (1996) Jurisprudence. Philosophy of law. Short Course. Moscow: Akademiya. 302 p. . (In Russ.).
- Smykalin A. S. (2019) Canon law (on the example of the Russian Orthodox Church of the XI-XXI centuries). Moscow: Prospekt; Ekaterinburg: UrGYuU. 394 p. (In Russ.).
- Sorokin V. V. (2007) The concept and essence of law in the spiritual culture of Russia: a monograph. Moscow: Prospekt. 479 p. (In Russ.).
- Sorokin V. V. (2018) Legal responsibility: spiritual and moral approach: monograph. Moscow: Yurlitinform. 159 p. (In Russ.).
- Rozental’ M. M., Yudina P. F. (1968) Philosophical Dictionary. Moscow: Politizdat. 544 p. (In Russ.).
- Khachaturov R. L. (2007) General theory of legal responsibility: monograph. Saint Petersburg : “Yuridicheskii tsentr “Press”. 934 p. (In Russ.).