Volume 5, Number 4, 2020, P. 533–540
[ SOCIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ]
Article (file: pdf, size: 526 KB, downloads: 234)
The article presents the results of the analysis of video images of Cuba in Soviet and American cinema during the Cold War. After the revolution of 1953-1959, Cuba acquired not only strategic but also symbolic significance for the United States and the USSR, which led to increased interest in the Cuban theme in popular culture in general and cinema in particular. The materials for the study were Soviet and American feature films made in the period 1945-1991. The study employed continuous sampling method. This work aims to analyze the peculiarities of Cuba’s representation in Soviet and American Cold War cinema. The study showed that images of Cuba in Soviet and American cinema are engaged in the creation of the enemy image by objectifying Cuba, depicting it as an arena of confrontation between two superpowers. Images of Cuba in American and Soviet cinema perform similar functions: they are attracted to show the moral superiority of a particular social structure. However, the images of Cuba in American cinema are very diverse, which is due to the pluralism of the American culture of the period under review. The images of Cuba constructed in Soviet cinema are characterized by a simplified, stereotypical vision, due to both the presence of a dominant ideology and the lack of a long history of intercultural communication. The notions “Cuba” and “the Cuban” are meaningful for bothSoviet and American culture. Whereas the Soviet cinema often emphasizes the similarity of the position of a Soviet andCuban person, American one emphasizes the superiority of Americans over Cubans.
Cuba, enemy image, Cold War, cinema, Soviet cinema, American cinema, Russian-American relationship
Liudmila L. Kleshchenko, Cand. Sci. (Political Science), grant contractor, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
This article is financially supported by the Russian Science Foundation, grant 18–18–00233 “Cinematographic Images of the Soviet and American Enemies in the Symbolic Politics of the Cold War: Comparative Analysis”.
Kleshchenko L.L. (2020) The image of Cuba in Soviet and American Cold War cinema. Sotsial’naya kompetentnost’ = Social Competence. Vol. 5. No. 4. P. 533–540. (In Russ.)
- Belov S.I. (2018) The enemy image in the Soviet policy of the memory of the Cold War period (on the example of the USA positioning in the cinematography of the USSR). Nauchnye gorizonty = Scientific horizons. No. 10 (14). P. 38–52. (In Russ.)
- Belyaeva A.V. (2016) Transformation of the image of Cuba in American cinema. Dialogi o kul’ture i iskusstve: materialy VI Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem (Perm’, 26–27 oktyabrya 2016 g.) = Dialogues about culture and art: proceedings of VIII All-Russian scientific-practical conference with international participation (Perm, October 26-27, 2016). Perm: Perm State Institute of Culture. P. 321–326. (In Russ.)
- Davydova O.S. (2019) Illusory ideology: how the non-fiction movie of the USA turned into a tool of the Cold War. Terra Aestheticae = Terra Aestheticae. No. 1 (3). P. 82–105. (In Russ.)
- Kolesnikova A.G. (2009) Formation and evolution of enemy image during the cold war in the Soviet cinema (mid-1950s – mid-1980s). Moscow: Russian State University for the Humanities (RGGU). (In Russ.)
- Kubyshkin A.I. (2019) Sacred victims of the cold war: children as a subject / object of ideological confrontation and political propaganda. Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg State University. P. 21–23. (In Russ.)
- Orlova A.S. (2017) The image of » the enemy from within » in filmmaking of 1941–1945 as a reflection of the ideological policy of the Soviet state (based on feature films about the Great Patriotic War). Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Vol. 23. No. 3. P. 64–68. (In Russ.)
- Ryabov O.V. (2011) “Soviet Enemy” in American cinema of the cold war: gender dimension. Zhenshchina v rossiiskom obshchestve = Women in Russian society. No. 2 (59). P. 20–30. (In Russ.)
- Ryabova T.B., Pankratova E.V. (2019) «Cold warriors» in the eyes of contemporary Russians: today’s reception of Cold War cinematic images of U.S. militaries’ masculinity. Zhenshchina v rossiiskom obshchestve = Woman in Russian society. No. 4. P. 29–40. (In Russ.)
- Senyavskaya E.S. (2005) Russians and Finns as viewed by each other: «the enemy image» in the cinema about the Second World War. Vestnik Rossiiskogo Universiteta Druzhby Narodov = RUDN Journal of Russian History. No. 4. P. 14–19. (In Russ.)
- Fedorov A.V. (2015) Transformation of the image of Russia on the western screen: from the era of ideological confrontation (1946–1991) to the contemporary stage (1992–2015). Moscow: MOO “Informatsiya dlya vsekh”. 221 p. (In Russ.)
- Yudin K.A. (2019) “The enemy image” and the atmosphere of “Cold Confrontation” in foreign cinematography of the 1960s – 1970s. Dialog so vremenem = Dialogue with Time. No. 67. P. 178–194. (In Russ.)
- Yarulina D.R. (2012) The image of Cuba in the artistic culture and media of Russia and the United States. Latinskaya Amerika = Latin America. No.1. P. 90–97. (In Russ.)
- Yarulina D.R. (2015) Cuba in the Soviet / Russian and American fiction and mass media discourse of the second half of the 20th century: a comparative analysis. Moscow: Moscow State Institute of International Relations. 212 p. (In Russ.)
- Riabov О. (2020) The Red Machine: The Dehumanization of the Communist Enemy in American Cold War Cinema. In Quaestio Rossica. Vol. 8. No. 2. P. 536–550.
- Sakwa R. (2008) “New Cold War” or twenty years’ crisis? Russia and international politics. International Affairs 84 (2). P. 241–267.
- Vanhala H. (2011) The Depiction of Terrorists in Blockbuster Hollywood Films, 1980–2001. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, Jefferson, North Carolina, and London. 365 p.